Women in Nuclear Science- Webinar Summary

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Women in Nuclear Science
June 28, 2020
July 11, 2020
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Women in Nuclear Science- Webinar Summary


iNuclear is an organization which aims to make nuclear knowledge accessible to all, capitalizing on nuclear education and public acceptance. Attracting and encouraging more talents to join into careers in Nuclear Engineering, Nuclear Medicine or any other choice in Nuclear Science and technology to develop their skills and creativity at every stage of their education. In support of these efforts, iNuclear promotes the balance gender of female and male and invites young professionals to have curiosity and interest in Nuclear Industry.


Webinar summary

iNuclear webinar on women in nuclear science encouragement session was started with a brief introduction of some achievements made by women in the field of science.


Historical references of some iconic and novel women nuclear scientist

Marie Curie was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, in Physics, and with her later win, in Chemistry, she became the first person to claim Nobel honors twice.


In 1898, Marie Curie discovered something surprising.


Lise Meitner— the forgotten woman of nuclear physics who deserved a Nobel Prize Nuclear Fission- the physical process by which very large atoms like uranium split into pairs of smaller atoms – is what makes nuclear bombs and nuclear power plants possible. But for many years, physicists believed it is energetically impossible for atoms as large as uranium(atomic mass = 235 or 238) to be split into two.Lise Meitner—被遗忘的核物理学女科学家,她理应获得诺贝尔奖核裂变—大原子序数的元素(例如铀)分裂为成对小原子的物理过程—核武器以及核能发电的原理。在Lise Meitner之前,很多物理学家们认为,像铀这样大的原子(原子质量=235或238)在能量上是不可能一分为二的

Lise Meitner with students on the steps of chemistry building at Bryn Mawr College in April 1959

On Feb. 11, 1939, with a letter from Lise Meitner to the editor of Nature – a premier international scientific journal that described exactly how such a thing could occur and even named it fission.在1939年的2月11日,Lise Meitner给《Nature》的主编写了一封信,信中描述了类似于铀的大原子序数物质分裂的现象,并将其命名为“裂变”。In that letter, physicist Lise Meitner, with the assistance of her young nephew Otto Frisch, provided a physical explanation of how nuclear fission could happen.Lise Meitner and Otto Robert Frisch discovered nuclear fission of uranium when it absorbed an extra neutron.在那封信中,Lise Meitner和她年轻的侄子Otto Frisch给出了核裂变如何发生的物理解释。Lise Meitner 和 Otto Robert Frisch发现铀原子核在吸收一个额外的中子之后会发生裂变。

•Her discovery was a massive leap forward in nuclear physics, but today Lise Meitner remains obscure and largely forgotten.
•她的发现对于核物理领域来说是一个巨大的飞跃,但是直到今天Lise Meitner仍然不被公众所熟知。
She was historically excluded from the victory celebration. Her story is a sad one.她对于核物理学界的贡献在历史上被忽略,这是一件非常不幸的事情。

Reading list
IAEA Initiative to Bridge Gender Gap in Nuclear Science

Questions Discussed

In the panel discussion with the speakers, various questions discussed in details were concerning the experience in the career of our panelist, balance most nuclear organizations are doing to make the field attractive to the young generation. The impact of the COVID-19 situation in the nuclear area and the post COVID-19 challenges. Various recommendations were made for young women in this field.

PS: Video for the webinar –Please kindly check last article.


Excerpts pictures

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