The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission has outlined some specific traits of nuclear safety culture. A trait, in this case, is a pattern of thinking, feeling, and behaving that emphasizes safety, particularly in goal conflict situations, such as production vs. safety, schedule vs. safety, and cost of the effort vs. safety: The traits includes the following:
Leadership Safety Values and Actions: Leaders must demonstrate a commitment to safety in their decisions and behaviours.
Problem Identification and Resolution: Issues potentially impacting safety are promptly identified, fully evaluated, and promptly addressed and corrected commensurate with their significance.
Personal Accountability: All individuals should take personal responsibility for safety.
Work Processes: The process of planning and controlling work activities is implemented so that safety is maintained.
Continuous Learning: Opportunities to learn about ways to ensure safety are sought out and implemented.
Environment for Raising Concerns: A safety conscious work environment is maintained where personnel feel free to raise safety concerns without fear of retaliation, intimidation, harassment or discrimination.
Effective Safety Communications: Good communications maintain a focus on safety.
Respectful Work Environment: Trust and respect permeate the organization.
Questioning Attitude: Individuals should avoid complacency and continually challenge existing conditions and activities in order to identify discrepancies that might result in error or inappropriate action.
Nuclear safety is a collective responsibility of each team member and applies to all employees, from the board of directors to the individual contributors. No one in an organisation is exempt from the obligation to ensure safety first. It is important to integrate the safety culture consciousness in every phase of nuclear power development as well as every personnel involved in any nuclear related activity. The IAEA has developed tools and training to Member States to assess, improve and strengthen the safety culture throughout the lifetime of their facilities and activities. This includes specific support services such as;
·Independent Safety Culture Assessments (ISCA)
·Safety Culture Continuous Improvement Process (SCCIP), which includes training support on conducting safety culture self-assessments as well as support to implement the IAEA Safety Culture Self-Assessment methodology.
SOURCE: IAEA, USNRC
Writer: Yvonne Sefakor Dzovor
Editor: Priscilla Oforiwaa
Designers: Zhang Jing & Zhang Chao
Translation : Zhang Chao