Women in Nuclear Science- Webinar Summary

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Women in Nuclear Science- Webinar Summary

Introduction

iNuclear is an organization which aims to make nuclear knowledge accessible to all, capitalizing on nuclear education and public acceptance. Attracting and encouraging more talents to join into careers in Nuclear Engineering, Nuclear Medicine or any other choice in Nuclear Science and technology to develop their skills and creativity at every stage of their education. In support of these efforts, iNuclear promotes the balance gender of female and male and invites young professionals to have curiosity and interest in Nuclear Industry.

iNuclear一直以来致力于核科普以及核能公众认可度的宣传,是一个旨在使所有人都能获得核相关知识的组织。我们希望通过iNuclear这个平台吸引和鼓励更多的人才从事核工程、核医学或核科学技术的相关工作,在教育的每个阶段鼓励他们发展自己的技能和创造力。为了实现这个目标,iNuclear努利促进行业中的性别平衡,并努利吸引年轻的人才对核领域产生兴趣。

Webinar summary

iNuclear webinar on women in nuclear science encouragement session was started with a brief introduction of some achievements made by women in the field of science.

iNuclear女性专题网络研讨会以对几位在核科学领域做出突出贡献的女科学家的简介拉开帷幕。

Historical references of some iconic and novel women nuclear scientist

Marie Curie was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, in Physics, and with her later win, in Chemistry, she became the first person to claim Nobel honors twice.

玛丽·居里(1867-1934)玛丽·居里是第一位获得诺贝尔物理学奖的女性科学家,在获得诺贝尔物理学奖之后,她又获得了诺贝尔化学奖,因此她也是第一位两次获得诺贝尔奖的科学家。

In 1898, Marie Curie discovered something surprising.

1898年,玛丽·居里发现了一些令人惊奇的现象—在将铁矿中的铀分离出来之后,她发现剩余的残渣中放射性活度比分离出来的铀还要高。她认为在铁矿中除了铀之外肯定还会有其他比铀放射性活度还要高的物质。在接连几个月之后的钻研之后,她在矿石残渣中发现了两种未知的新物质,她将其命名为“钋”和“镭”,并且开创了X射线研究的先河。

Lise Meitner— the forgotten woman of nuclear physics who deserved a Nobel Prize Nuclear Fission- the physical process by which very large atoms like uranium split into pairs of smaller atoms – is what makes nuclear bombs and nuclear power plants possible. But for many years, physicists believed it is energetically impossible for atoms as large as uranium(atomic mass = 235 or 238) to be split into two.Lise Meitner—被遗忘的核物理学女科学家,她理应获得诺贝尔奖核裂变—大原子序数的元素(例如铀)分裂为成对小原子的物理过程—核武器以及核能发电的原理。在Lise Meitner之前,很多物理学家们认为,像铀这样大的原子(原子质量=235或238)在能量上是不可能一分为二的

Lise Meitner with students on the steps of chemistry building at Bryn Mawr College in April 1959

On Feb. 11, 1939, with a letter from Lise Meitner to the editor of Nature – a premier international scientific journal that described exactly how such a thing could occur and even named it fission.在1939年的2月11日,Lise Meitner给《Nature》的主编写了一封信,信中描述了类似于铀的大原子序数物质分裂的现象,并将其命名为“裂变”。In that letter, physicist Lise Meitner, with the assistance of her young nephew Otto Frisch, provided a physical explanation of how nuclear fission could happen.Lise Meitner and Otto Robert Frisch discovered nuclear fission of uranium when it absorbed an extra neutron.在那封信中,Lise Meitner和她年轻的侄子Otto Frisch给出了核裂变如何发生的物理解释。Lise Meitner 和 Otto Robert Frisch发现铀原子核在吸收一个额外的中子之后会发生裂变。

•Her discovery was a massive leap forward in nuclear physics, but today Lise Meitner remains obscure and largely forgotten.
•她的发现对于核物理领域来说是一个巨大的飞跃,但是直到今天Lise Meitner仍然不被公众所熟知。
She was historically excluded from the victory celebration. Her story is a sad one.她对于核物理学界的贡献在历史上被忽略,这是一件非常不幸的事情。

Reading list
IAEA Initiative to Bridge Gender Gap in Nuclear Science
国际原子能机构弥合核科学性别差距的倡议

Questions Discussed

In the panel discussion with the speakers, various questions discussed in details were concerning the experience in the career of our panelist, balance most nuclear organizations are doing to make the field attractive to the young generation. The impact of the COVID-19 situation in the nuclear area and the post COVID-19 challenges. Various recommendations were made for young women in this field.

PS: Video for the webinar –Please kindly check last article.

在讨论会中,嘉宾就一些问题展开了详细的讨论,例如参与讨论的嘉宾的经历,许多核相关的组织为了让核领域对年轻一代更有吸引力所作出的协调和平衡,新冠疫情对于核领域的影响,以及疫情之后的种种挑战。三位年轻的女性嘉宾就这些问题给出了许多自己的见解以及建议。详细的会议视频请点击昨天的推文观看。

Excerpts pictures

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