NUCLEAR SAFETY CULTURE – PART II

NUCLEAR SAFETY CULTURE – PART I
October 10, 2020
Radon
October 28, 2020
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NUCLEAR SAFETY CULTURE – PART II

The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission has outlined some specific traits of nuclear safety culture. A trait, in this case, is a pattern of thinking, feeling, and behaving that emphasizes safety, particularly in goal conflict situations, such as production vs. safety, schedule vs. safety, and cost of the effort vs. safety: The traits includes the following:

美国核管理委员会概述了核安全文化的一些具体特征。核安全文化的特征是一种强调安全的思维和行为模式,特别是在目标冲突的情况下,如生产与安全、进度与安全、工作成本与安全发生冲突时,这些特征包括如下几点:

Leadership Safety Values and Actions: Leaders must demonstrate a commitment to safety in their decisions and behaviours.

Problem Identification and Resolution: Issues potentially impacting safety are promptly identified, fully evaluated, and promptly addressed and corrected commensurate with their significance.

Personal Accountability: All individuals should take personal responsibility for safety.

Work Processes: The process of planning and controlling work activities is implemented so that safety is maintained.

Continuous Learning: Opportunities to learn about ways to ensure safety are sought out and implemented.

Environment for Raising Concerns: A safety conscious work environment is maintained where personnel feel free to raise safety concerns without fear of retaliation, intimidation, harassment or discrimination.

Effective Safety Communications: Good communications maintain a focus on safety.

Respectful Work Environment: Trust and respect permeate the organization.

Questioning Attitude: Individuals should avoid complacency and continually challenge existing conditions and activities in order to identify discrepancies that might result in error or inappropriate action.

决策层的安全观和行动:领导必须在他们的决策和行为中体现出对于安全的注重和承诺。

问题识别和解决:及时识别、全面评估、及时处理和纠正可能影响核安全的问题。

个人责任:每个人都应承担维护核安全的职责。

工作过程:合理计划,提前考虑工作中可能会遇到的工况,以控制工作过程,确保核安全。

持续学习:寻找并实施能够确保核安全的方法。

平等开放的工作环境:保持一个安全意识强的工作环境,员工可以自由提出安全问题,而不必担心报复、恐吓、骚扰或歧视。

有效的沟通:良好的沟通保持对核安全问题的关注。

互相尊重的工作环境:组织中的每一个人都应该保持对他人的信任和尊重。

质疑的态度:个人应避免自满,不断挑战现有条件和活动,以识别可能导致错误或不当行为的隐患。

Nuclear safety is a collective responsibility of each team member and applies to all employees, from the board of directors to the individual contributors. No one in an organisation is exempt from the obligation to ensure safety first. It is important to integrate the safety culture consciousness in every phase of nuclear power development as well as every personnel involved in any nuclear related activity. The IAEA has developed tools and training to Member States to assess, improve and strengthen the safety culture throughout the lifetime of their facilities and activities. This includes specific support services such as;

·Independent Safety Culture Assessments (ISCA)
·Safety Culture Continuous Improvement Process (SCCIP), which includes training support on conducting safety culture self-assessments as well as support to implement the IAEA Safety Culture Self-Assessment methodology.

从董事会到个人,核安全是每个团队成员的集体责任,适用于所有员工。组织中的任何人都不能免除确保安全第一的义务。将安全文化意识融入核电发展的各个阶段,贯彻到参与核相关活动的每一个人,这是非常重要的。原子能机构为成员国开发了一些专门的工具和培训,以评估、改进和加强成员国核设施在整个生命周期内的安全文化。包括具体的支持服务,如:

独立安全文化评估(ISCA)

安全文化持续改进过程(SCCIP),包括开展安全文化自我评估的培训支持,以及支持实施原子能机构安全文化自我评估方法。

SOURCE: IAEA, USNRC
Writer: Yvonne Sefakor Dzovor
Editor: Priscilla Oforiwaa
Designers: Zhang Jing & Zhang Chao
Translation : Zhang Chao

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